A new species, this blind lobster with bizarre chelipeds belongs to the rare genus Thaumastochelopsis, which was previously known only from four specimens of two species in Australia. The lobster has been given the scientific name Dinochelus ausubeli — derived from the Greek dinos, meaning terrible and fearful, and chela, meaning claw, and ausubeli, honoring Jesse Ausubel, a co-founder of the Census of Marine Life.
South of Easter Island, Census vent explorers discovered a crab so unusual it warranted a new family designation, Kiwidae. Beyond adding a new family to the wealth of known biodiversity, its discovery added a new genus, Kiwa, named for the mythological Polynesian goddess of shellfish. Its species name, hirsuta, refers to its furry appearance.
Vampyroteuthis, or vampire squid, is a cephalopod that lives in the oxygen minimum zone of Monterey Bay, Calif., at depths of 600-900 meters.